Sanity in the World?

Into all lives, a little Sanity must fall.

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Location: Michigan, United States

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Sunday, February 19, 2006

Eminent Domain - a Blight on our Constitution

Last fall Mr. Peterson told a Senate subcommittee that when the government threatens to condemn people's property because it thinks someone else can make better use of it, "a majority of the time, most people agree to sell."

Interesting. Given the choice between selling and fighting an expensive legal battle they will almost certainly lose, after which they will have to give up their land anyway, probably on less advantageous terms, most people "agree" to sell.

"Cities use eminent domain most often as a negotiating tool with property owners," explained Mr. Peterson, speaking for the National League of Cities. "Just having the tool available makes it possible to negotiate with landowners." Sure it does -- in the same way having a gun available makes it possible for a bank robber to negotiate with a bank teller.


Reform opponents say Kelo did not really change the law, forcibly transferring property from one private owner to another had been upheld by state and federal courts. But until Kelo, the Supreme Court had not said the Fifth Amendment, which restricts eminent domain to "public uses," allows local governments to take perfectly good (not "blighted") homes and businesses on behalf of private developers.

By agreeing any private use expected to increase tax revenue and create jobs counts as a public use, the court gave a green light to politicians who might otherwise have hesitated because of the lingering legal uncertainty. As Justice Sandra Day O'Connor said in her dissent, "Nothing is to prevent the state from replacing any Motel 6 with a Ritz-Carlton, any home with a shopping center, or any farm with a factory."

Mr. Peterson claims "eminent domain is used sparingly." Yet the Institute for Justice, which represented the property owners in Kelo v. New London, found 10,000 cases in which condemnation was used or threatened for the benefit of private developers during a five-year period. The true number is probably much higher, as the study relied on newspaper articles and recorded cases, reflecting a fraction of such land grabs.

In practice, that is all it takes to seize people's homes and businesses: the unilateral judgment of politicians that society would be better served if the property were in different hands.

Read the rest here.

Please, for the love of God, let the Supreme Court revisit this nightmare and correct this affront to the Rights of the Citizens to own property!